Maths as a subject is often a tough cookie to crack for students. In their syllabus, new and advanced concepts are introduced, which can be difficult for students who already dread the subject. However, maths is not a subject which needs to be feared, just practising more problems can help you gain confidence. To ace the CBSE Class 9 Maths exams, you need some strategies to effectively cover the topics and gain the confidence to excel in the exams.
In this article, we will first go through the syllabus of Class 9 NCERT Maths and discover the important topics from each chapter that students should focus on. Then we will also evaluate the mark distribution of each chapter so that students can allocate time to each unit accordingly and strategize their preparation. Finally, we will see some tips that will help students in their preparation and become confident in the subject.
Let us take a look at the syllabus of Class 9 NCERT Maths and discuss the important topics.
Chapter 1- Number System
In this chapter, students should learn what rational and irrational numbers are. Students should make a list of the identities that hold for real numbers.
Students should learn what are polynomials and their different types. Other important topics are the remainder theorem and factor theorem. They should make a list of the identities too.
Chapter 3- Coordinate Geometry
In this chapter, students should focus on the cartesian plane, axes, and the different coordinates of a point.
Chapter 4- Linear Equations In Two Variables
Students should learn the definition of a linear equation in two variables. They should also focus on the graphs made by variables and their axis and the equation of each.
Chapter 5- Introduction to Euclid’s geometry
Students should focus on Euclid’s postulates and axioms. They should also learn the definition of axioms, theorems, and postulates.
Chapter 6- Lines and angles
Students should learn the linear pair axiom and what happens to the angles when lines intersect. Also, another important suspect includes the angles of a triangle.
Chapter 7- Triangles
Students should learn what is congruence in a triangle and the different rules of congruence in this chapter.
Chapter 8- Quadrilaterals
In this chapter, students should focus on parallelograms, diagonals, and what happens if the diagonals bisect each other.
Chapter 9- Areas of parallelograms and triangles
In this chapter, students should learn the different formulas for calculating areas of parallelograms and triangles.
Chapter 10- Circles
Students will learn the different terms associated with circles and the congruence of arcs in a circle.
Chapter 11- Constructions
Students will learn how to construct triangles, bisecting and constructing different angles.
Chapter 12- Heron’s formula
Students will learn how to calculate areas of triangles and quadrilaterals using Heron’s formula
Chapter 13- Surface areas and volumes
Students will learn the formulas for calculating surface areas and volumes of cones, cylinders, hemispheres, cubes, and cuboids.
Chapter 14- Statistics
Students will learn about the measures of central tendency- mean, median, and mode. They will also learn how to represent data graphically.
Chapter 15- Probability
Students will learn the basics of probability and how to calculate the probability of an event under specific conditions.
Now that we know the important topics of each chapter, let us see the mark distribution of each chapter so that students will know which chapter to give more attention to and prepare well for those.
Unit1- Number systems (CH 1 and 2) – 8 marks
Unit 2- Algebra (CH 4)- 17 marks
Unit 3- Coordinate geometry(CH 3)- 4 marks
Unit 4- Geometry (CH 5-10)- 28 marks
Unit 5- Mensuration(CH 11-13)- 13 marks
Unit 6- Statistics and probability(CH 14 -15)- 10 marks
As we have seen the important topics from each chapter and their marks weightage, we will see how students can prepare a strategy to score well in their Class 9 Maths exam.
Go through all the chapters and their syllabus and start with the chapter, which you find difficult. It will require more time and practice so start with them first.
Make notes for each topic. Make a separate list of formulas and theorems from each chapter. Maintaining a separate list of formulas and theorems will make it handy for revision later.
Focus on practising the examples that are given in the chapter and the exercise questions at the end of each chapter. These questions are designed to test your understanding of each chapter and should be practised thoroughly.
If students find it difficult to solve any exercise questions they can refer to 9th class maths book solutions available for NCERT chapters, which will help them clarify their doubts and help them in solving the problems. It will also help students understand how to go for the right approach to solving problems.
Revision is a very important aspect of preparation especially when it comes to maths. Solving once is not enough and students should solve the exercise questions multiple times to gain confidence in the topics.
Solving mock practice tests will help students with solving a wide range of problems and gaining a better grasp of fundamentals. They will also learn the different ways to solve a problem and will score well if they practice numerous questions.
Students should also not hesitate to take help from experts and teachers if they find some topics difficult. They have more experience in this field and will be able to help in clearing their doubts.
Students can also make flashcards of important formulae and equations and paste them somewhere they can regularly see such as near the study table. It will help them memorize better and retain the formulae and equations, which can be forgotten easily.
Students will benefit greatly from these tips during the preparation for the maths exams. Most of these tips are valid for any subject and will help students score well in the exams.